Gerd Hardack, Dieter Karras, Ben Fine's A Short History of Socialist Economic Thought PDF

By Gerd Hardack, Dieter Karras, Ben Fine

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1 The key factors behind this transition include declining fertility rates and rising life expectancy. e. 1). Other OECD countries, especially in Europe, have followed a similar pattern. In contrast, fertility rates have been rising gradually in the US since 1976. The low total fertility rate in Japan is projected to continue over the coming decades. The decline in fertility was accompanied by a sharp decline in mortality rates. 6 years for women. These are among the highest in the world. By 2050, it is projected that life expectancy at birth will 1.

Thus, the rise in Japan’s older population will be greater than the fall in its younger population. In fact, this pattern is projected to continue through to 2050 by which time there will be slightly more than one person of “non-working” age for every person of “working-age” in Japan compared with a ratio of around two to three currently. 46 AGEING AND EMPLOYMENT POLICIES: JAPAN– ISBN-92-64-02109-4 © OECD 2004 2. Potential economic and social impacts The demographic transition to an aged society will have serious economic and social repercussions.

By 2050, it is projected that life expectancy at birth will 1. In fact, long-range projections by the National Institute of Population and Social Security Research (Population Projection for Japan 2002) suggest that Japan’s population may continue to decline through to 2100, by which time its population would be at the same level as it was in 1930. 2. Among OECD countries, Japan has one of the lowest shares of foreigners in the total population and labour force. 2%, while that of Switzerland was 19% (OECD, 2001a, Chapter 5).

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A Short History of Socialist Economic Thought by Gerd Hardack, Dieter Karras, Ben Fine


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