American Forests: A History of Resiliency and Recovery - download pdf or read online

By Douglas W. McCleery

ISBN-10: 0890300488

ISBN-13: 9780890300480

MacCleery recounts how settlers got rid of a lot of the yankee woodland for agriculture and trade through the nineteenth century. at the start of the 20 th century, although, demographic adjustments and an rising conservation stream helped decrease wildfire and inspire reforestation. at the present time there's extra forestland within the U.S. than there has been seventy five years in the past.

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S. railroads increased from less than 10,000 miles to more than 350,000 miles between 1850 and 1910. By the late 18 AMERICAN FORESTS Figure 9. Railroad bridges and trestles (top) were constructed of pilings and large timbers. Railroads consumed vast quantities of wood, as these stacked crossties show (bottom). WESTWARD EXPANSION & EASTERN INDUSTRIAL GROWTH 19 1800s, railroads accounted for 20 to 25 percent of the country’s total consumption of timber. By far the most significant railroad use of wood was for crossties.

S. experienced an increase in uncharacteristically severe wildfire and insect and disease epidemics due to droughts and overly dense forest stands. Federal land managers estimate that over 100 million acres of federal forestlands are at unnaturally high risk of catastrophic wildfires and large-scale insect and disease outbreaks because of unhealthy forest conditions. A major expansion of residential development into rural areas, often adjacent to national forestlands, increased the level of risk associated with wildfires.

Even so, charcoal iron production continued to rise until 1900. Charcoal iron continued to be used after 1900 for specialty products. Because of its special properties, some early car makers specified it for engine blocks. The last charcoal fired iron furnace finally shut down in 1945. TRANSPORTATION By the early 1800s, the United States was one of the largest nations in the world. The transportation system, more than anything else, tied the disparate and often quarreling states together. America’s forests figured heavily in building this system.

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American Forests: A History of Resiliency and Recovery by Douglas W. McCleery

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