By James W. Gould
There is a typical trust that until eventually lately american citizens have most popular isolation to curiosity in distant components resembling Southeast Asia. This thesis might be verified by way of interpreting the historical past of yank kin with a spot at the contrary facet of the globe from the USA. one of these land is Sumatra. it really is one of many greatest islands on the planet. Its I66,789 sq. mile quarter exceeds that of the 3rd biggest American kingdom, California, and is greater than Italy. mendacity midway around the globe from the U.S., its I050 mile size is nearly divided by means of the equator, which runs throughout it for 285 miles. Sumatra's strategic significance is two-fold. first of all, it's the first island stepping stone from the Asiatic mainland into the Australasian archipelago. This used to be proven in I942 while the USA stationed planes on Sumatra in an try and stem the japanese develop southward. Secondly, it lies athwart the shortest sea routes from jap Asia to Europe and the jap usa. Sumatra's southern tip kinds one part of the Straits of Sunda which guards the entry to the Java, China and Philippine Seas. on the island's northern tip is the doorway to the Straits of Malacca, the shortest sea lane be tween the close to and much East. the outlet of the Suez Canal in I869 shifted the shortest direction among the some distance East and the Western global from the Sunda to the Malacca Straits.
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John J. Blaine (R. ), discovered the penal clause while studying tobacco production in Sumatra. 73 Deli planters sent two delegations to the United States to effect changes, and secured only this last concession. 74 Under this American pressure, the Dutch government passed in 1931 a new act requiring the older companies to cut contract laborers to fifty percent by 1936. Further measures were passed in 1936 and 1939, so that by January I, 1942 the penal sanction for breach of contract was entirely abolished.
8, 1931; Boeke, J. , The Structure of Netherlands Indian Economy (New York: Institute of Pacific Relations, 1942), pp. 149-150. 76 Thompson, Virginia, Labor Problems in Southeast Asia (New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1947), p. 153; Emerson, Rupert, Malaysia: A Study in Direct and Indirect Rule (New York: Macmillan, 1937), p. 46. 6 Schadee, II, p. S. customs figures do not show this, but they do show direct shipments in 1885/6 (4,289 pounds, $ 3,518), 1887/8 (73,674 pounds, $ 72,941), 1895/6 (15,741 pounds $ 20,299) and 1899/1900 (15,388 pounds, $ 18,476).
MODERN PLANTATION CROPS OF THE EAST COAST OF SUMATRA Thus far we have mentioned only those products of Sumatra which have been produced by the Sumatrans themselves, and imported into the United States for many years. These exports were hardly a hint of what the soil could produce under Western methods. Even the greatest 63 Heyne, I, pp. 95-96; Burkill, I, pp. 747-749; Ency. Brit. ), VII, p. ), IX, p. 296. , Travels in the East Indian Archipelago (New York: Appleton, 1869), p. 186; Heyne, III, pp.
Americans in Sumatra by James W. Gould